英文文法 – 否定用字 not, never, no, none, neither, nor, nothing but

否定用字包括not, never, no, none, neither, nor, nothing but等。

1. not:not為否定副詞,其功用為
(a)幫助動詞變成否定式
b)後面跟名詞,表達”不是”

例:1. His idears are not clearly expressed.

2. Not everyone agrees with him. (不是)

2. never:never為否定副詞,幫助動詞成為否定式,若擺在句首,則後面的子句應用倒裝結構。

例:1. We will never forget his kindness to us.

2. Never have I met such a kind person.

3. no:no為形容詞,後面接名詞,表達”沒有”。

例:1. There is no water.

2. He has no sympathy for the poor.

4. none:none純為名詞功能,後面不能再接名詞。

例:1. None of the girls like him.

2. Jane likes none of the books.

5. nothing but = only(只不過是)

例:1. Don’t trust him;he is nothing but a liar.

6. neither-nor:neither與nor可以連用,即”neither A nor B”,表示”非A也非B”,A與B在結構上要平行對稱。另外,neither與nor若單獨使用,表達”也不”,引導子句,且要使用倒裝結構。

例:1. Neither John nor his brother can speak English.

2. He can neither swim nor play the piano.

3. He doesn’t like mathematics, and neither do I.

4. I haven’t read that book, and nor has John.

Author: POKUYO

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