英文文法 – 對等連接詞

對等連接詞顧名思義所引導的結構前後要平行對稱。

1. 單字對等連接詞:and, or, but, yet, nor等,其前後要平行對稱。

例:1. The people in my town are friendly, cheerful and hardworking. (平行形容詞)

2. Did she leave by bus or by train? (平行介系詞片語)

3. He worked hard, but he failed. (平行子句)

註:nor(也不),so(也是)只能引導子句平行,且後面的子句要倒裝。

例:1. Mary wants to go, so do I.

2. He can speak English very well, so can I.

3. He is not a soldier, nor am I.

4. He didn’t go to the party, nor did I.

上列倒裝要特別注意到(a)前後動詞時態要一致,(b)前面若用be動詞,則後面亦用be動詞,前面若用助動詞則後面亦用同樣助動詞,前面若為一般動詞則後面用do, does, did來倒裝。

2. 複合對等連接詞:both A and B(兩者皆是),neither A nor B(非A也非B),either A or B(A或B其中之一),not only A but also B(不傴是A同時也是B),not A but B (不是A而是B),A but not B(A而不是B),A as well as B(A跟B)。

注意要點:
(a) 上列連接詞所引導的A與B要平行對稱。

(b) 上列結構當主詞時,動詞的一致性亦非常要。

  • Both A and B+複數動詞
  • Neither A nor B+ V (單複數與靠近動詞的元素一致)
  • Either A or B
  • A as well as B+ V (與A一致)
  • Not A but B+ V (強調B,故與B一致)
  • A but not B+ V (強調A,故與A一致)
  • Not only A but also B (強調B,故與B一致)

Author: POKUYO

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