全民英檢初級閱讀

全民英檢初級 閱讀

 

閱讀能力測驗

本測驗分三部分,全部都是單選題,共35題,作答時間35分鐘。

 

第一部分:
詞彙和結構;共15題,每個題目裡有一個空格。請從四個選項中選出一個最適合題意的字或詞作答。
第二部分:
段落填空;共10題,包括二個段落,每個段落各含4~6個空格。每格均有四個選項,請依照文意選出最適合的答案
第三部分:
閱讀理解;共10題,包括數篇短文,每篇短文後面有2~3個相關問題。請由四個選項中選出最適合的答案。

重點文法

1. Spend / Take/ Cost用法

S.

V.

時間/金錢

V.

spend 時間/金錢 (in) Ving
事物 take 時間 to V.
事物 cost 金錢 to V.

 

 

 

2. Forget / Remember/ Stop用法

1. forget to V    忘記要…
forget + Ving  忘了曾…
Don’t forget to close the windows before leaving.
I forget to pick up a newspaper for you.
2.remember to V   記得要…
remember + Ving  記得曾經…
Remember to clean the floor tonight.
My father remembers washing his car last week.
3.stop to V停止原有動作或工作, 開始…
stop + Ving    停止從事..
Mr. Wilson stopped to say hello to me.
We should stop working because it’s getting dark.

3. 使役動詞

make / let / have + 人/物 + 原V.

 

4.連綴動詞

look

smell

sound

taste

feel

+ adj.
+ like + N.

 

5.感官動詞

see

watch

hear

listen to

feel

+ N.
+ Vrt
+ Ving
+ Vpp.

 

6. 比較級 & 最高級

  • 比較級的句型:A + V + 比較級 than + B.  (A 比 B…。)

John is taller than Mary.

  • 最高級的句型:S. + V. + the 最高級(+ in/on/at/… + 群體).

Tom is the best student in the class.

    • 單字變化:
      • 形容詞的後面加上 er / est

         clean  cleaner  cleanest

      • 形容詞字尾為 “子音 + y” 時,則須去y, 再加 ier / iest

   happy  happier  happiest

      • 形容詞字尾有「子母子」現象,則要重覆字尾,再加er / est

   big  bigger  biggest

 

  • 不規則變化

many / much  more  most
bad   worse   worst
good / well  better  best
little   less

  • 比較級 and 比較級 (越來越…; 漸漸地…)

He got more and more gifts. (他獲得愈來愈多的禮物。)

 

7. 不定詞 to V

動詞後面必須加不定詞:
want(人) to …
need to
 
decide to
 
learn to
 
plan to
 
would like to
 
tell
to 
ask
(要求) to 

My brother wants to go to Japan.

 

8. 動名詞  Ving

  • 用法有三種:

(1)「動名詞」當作主詞用
Getting up early every day is really not easy.

(2)當做部分動詞的受詞
Good learners enjoy learning English.

(3)當作介詞的受詞
I worried about speaking English.

 

  • 動詞後面必須加動名詞:  enjoy / finish / keep / practice

He didn’t finish drawing yesterday.

  • 動詞後面必須加不定詞或動名詞: begin /start / try / like / love / hate

He started learning to surf the Internet last week.
He started to learn to surf the Internet last week.

 

釐清:

Getting up early is good for our health.

 

  • 動詞放在句首有可能是命令句(又稱祈使句),那是向對方下達命令,或要求、請求對方做某個動作,通常都會伴隨著 please 或人名等。

 Get up early or you won’t catch the bus.

 

  • 不定詞放在句首,是表達「為了要 …」之意。

   To get up early, I have to go to bed before 22:00 tonight.

 

9. 被動式

時態

主動

被動

現在進行 S + is, am, are + Ving + O.
Tim is copying the letters.
S + is, am, are + being + Vpp. by O.
The letters are being copied by Tim.
過去進行 S + was, were + Ving + O.
Tim was copying the letters.
S + was, were + being + Vpp. by O.
The letters were being copied by Tim.
現在簡單 S + Vs/es, Vrt + O.
Farmers grow corn.
S + is, am, are + Vpp. by O.
Corn is grown by farmers.
過去簡單 S + Vd/ed/irregular + O.
The news surprised Amy.
S + was, were + Vpp. by O.
Amy was surprised by the news.
現在完成 S + have, has + Vpp. + O.
Jack has mailed the letter.
S + have, have + been + Vpp. by O.
The letter has been mailed by Jack.
過去完成 S + had + Vpp. + O.
Jack had mailed the letter.
S + had + been + Vpp. by O.
The letter had been mailed by Jack.
未來 S + will / be going to + Vrt. + O.
Sue will write the report.
Sue is going to write the report.
S + will/ be going to + be + Vpp. by O.
The report will be written by Sue.
The report is going to be written by Sue.
情態助動詞 S + can, could, would, should, have to, has to, must, might, may + Vrt. + O.

Sue has to write the report.

S + can, could, would, should, have to, has to, must, might, may + be + Vpp. + O.

The report has to be written by Sue.

 

10. 對等連接詞

(1.) not only but also           不但 A,而且 B。

※ (1) A與B所用的詞要同一類型;
(2) 著重B。
He is not only brave but also wise.

 

(2) both and       並且 B。

※ (1) A與B要同一類型;
(2) 同樣著重A及B;
(3) 單單 “and” 本已足夠,”both” 加強語氣。
Both you and I are students.

 

(3) A as well as            除了 B,還有

※ (1) A與B要同一類型;
(2) 著重A;
(3) 動詞以A為準。
John as well as you is my bosom friend.

(4) either or             不是 A,就是 B。

※ (1) A與B要同一類型;
(2) 著重B;
(3) 動詞以B為準。
Either you or he is a thief.

 

(5) neither or             既不是 A,亦不是 B。

※ (1) A與B要同一類型;
(2) 著重B;
(3) 動詞以B為準。
Neither I nor he knows it.

 

(6) whether or             或者A,或者B。

※ (1) A與B不必定要同一類型;
(2) 同樣著重A及B。
I do not care whether you go or stay.

快速背好英文單字 字首 字根 字尾 English Vocabulary

快速背好英文單字 字首 字根 字尾 English Vocabulary

快速背好英文單字方法,字首、 字根 、字尾,提升您的英文單字量,提高多益閱讀作答速度及答題率,讓您簡單記憶英文單字。